Vitiligo: Types, Symptoms, Causes, Treatment & Recovery

2 types of Vitiligo

Vitiligo is a common slowly progressive acquired condition caused by the focal loss of melanocytes within the skin resulting in the development of hyperpigmentation.

Vitiligo Types

01 Localized type of Vitiligo

02 Generalized type of vitiligo

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Systemic treatment for vitiligo

– Psoralen & Ultraviolet A. – Corticosteroids. – Immunomodulators like Azathioprine, cyclosporin, levamisole. – Phenylalanine. – Khellin. – Antioxidants like Glutathione.

Surgical treatment for Vitiligo





Melanocyte culture and transplantation

Split skin thickness grafting

Punch Grafting

Blister grafting




PUVA therapy

NB-UVB therapy

Topical treatment for Vitiligo

Topical corticosteroids, Immunomodulators like tacrolimus 0.1% ointment is quite effective, especially for the facial region.

Clinical Features of Vitiligo

A person suffering from hypopigmented macule or patch at any site of the body.

Since Vitiligo Vulgaris is the most common patient has bilaterally symmetrical lesions on both sides with the sharp demarcation of edges. If in a patch, hair follicles are also white it is called leukonychia it has a poor prognosis. Sensation in the depigmented patch is normal.

Not Stigma

Vitiligo should not be considered as a stigma, it is NON CONTAGIOUS and comes with a slim risk of it passing on to our future generation if any one of the parents has vitiligo

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